Global Age Watch Index, ranks India 71 among 96 countries, among the worst places in the world to grow old.
India was ranked 71st out of 96
countries in the Global AgeWatch Index 2015 compiled by HelpAge International
network of charities in partnership with University of Southampton in Britain.
Switzerland is the best place in
the world to live for those aged 60 and over, while India, where 116.6 million
people over 60 are living, ranks a dismal 71st among 96 countries when it comes
to social and economic wellbeing of older people. For developing the Index, the
researchers measured the lives of older people in four key areas: income;
health; education and employment and the enabling environment.
“India ranks low on the Global
AgeWatch Index, at 71 overall. It performs best in the enabling environment
domain (52), due to a low percentage of older people feeling socially connected
(52 percent) and safe (66 percent) compared with regional averages (69.9
percent and 68.8 percent respectively),” the report said.
“The country ranks low in the
income security domain (72), with pension income coverage (28.9 percent) and
GNI (gross national income) per capita (US$4,991) below regional averages (49
percent and US$10,237 respectively),” the report said.
The annual index represents 91
per cent of the world’s population aged 60 and over, amounting to some 901
Switzerland (rank one) tops the
Index, alongside Norway (rank two), Sweden (rank three), Germany (rank four)
and Canada (rank five). Apart from Japan (8) all the top 10 countries are
advanced countries in Western Europe and North America.
Countries investing in improving
the lives of older people are at the top of the Index. They are implementing
policies which promote social pensions, universal healthcare and enabling
physical and social environments for older people, the findings showed.
“This Index is vital in
representing the lives of older people in countries around the world as it
enables us to compare not just their pension income and health but also the age
friendly environments in which they live,” University of Southampton professor
Asghar Zaidi, who led the development of the Index, pointed out.
“Today, in all countries of the
world, the proportion of older people is growing. By 2050, 46 of the 96
countries in the Index will have 30 percent or more of their populations aged
60 and over. We have just 35 years to prepare,” Toby Porter, chief executive of
HelpAge International said.